Everything You Need To Know About Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis), With Treatment

Overview | How it begins? | How long it lasts? | Types | Causes | Symptoms | Diagnosis | Treatment | Prevention |

Eczema. Most of us have seen or experienced eczema but don’t know about it much, such as what eczema is? How does it cause? How to prevent it? And the most important question is — how to get rid of eczema?

So, further, in this article, you will get to know all you want about eczema.

What Is Eczema?

Eczema is a form of dermatitis. Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Whereas, eczema originates from the Greek word ‘ekzein’, which means to boil over or break out.

Eczema is neither a single health condition nor a disease. It’s a kind of reaction pattern seen in numerous skin diseases. In eczema, your skin becomes dry, itchy, red with bumpy tiny blisters that contain clear fluids. When these blisters break, the fluids begin to weep and ooze. The older or chronic eczema has symptoms like thickened, elevated, and scaling skin, with less prominent blisters. Although, the level of itchy ness is the same.

This is because eczema damages the skin barrier system i.e. the moisture and “glue” of the uppermost layer of the skin. Due to this, your skin becomes more sensitive and more prone to infections and dryness. Although eczema doesn’t harm your body in any way and is not contagious at all.

Eczema is sometimes called atopic dermatitis, as it is the most common form of eczema. Atopic means allergy, people with eczema often have allergies or asthma along with itchy, red skin.

Apart from atopic dermatitis, eczema has several other forms too, which have their own symptoms and triggers.

Eczema doesn’t hurt at all but is itchy. Neither it is contagious nor deadly.

How Does Eczema Begins Or Looks When It Caught An Individual?

Eczema is a kind of symptom associated with many skin diseases. The red, itchy, and raised blistered skin is enough to prove the presence of eczema.

It is generally found on your head, inner elbows, neck, ankles, feet, and around your eyes.

Who Is At Risk Of Getting Eczema?

Eczema can be developed in men, women, children, and old-aged individuals, regardless of age, group, etc. It usually begins in childhood but can be developed later in life. Still, there are some risk factors that can make you more likely to get eczema, such as —

  • Females
  • African American
  • Diagnosed with asthma or some other health conditions.
  • Family History

How Long Can Eczema Last?

Eczema can be lifelong but can be managed with the help of medications and remedies.

Types Of Eczema:

There are at least 14 types of skin issues that have eczema as a symptom. On this basis, the types of eczema are as follows —

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Irritant dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Stasis dermatitis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Hand dermatitis
  • Fungal infections
  • Scabies
  • Dyshidrotic eczema
  • Nummular eczema
  • Dry skin eczema
  • Seborrheic eczema  
  • Lichen simplex chronicles
  • Neuro dermatitis

Causes Of Eczema:

  • Genes
  • Very skin
  • An immune system problem
  • Triggers in the environment
  • Substances that can cause irritation or allergy, such as detergent, bleach, soap, etc.
  • Metals like nickel etc.
  • Paint
  • Skincare products including makeup
  • Solvents
  • Perfumes
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Allergies
  • Stress
  • Damp hands and feet
  • Exposure to irritant substances
  • Cleaning, laundry, dry care, etc. Can cause rashes
  • Psoriasis
  • Allergic reactions to metals etc.
  • Bite of insect
  • Inflammation of the skin
  • Air pollutants
  • Low humidity environment
  • Illegal drugs consumption
  • Muscle tension etc.

Symptoms Of Eczema:

  • Itchy skin
  • Dry skin
  • Redness of the skin
  • Red rashes
  • Bumps on the skin
  • Scaly and leathery patches of skin
  • Crusting skin
  • Swelling
  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep loss
  • Thickness and darkness/lightness of the affected skin
  • Small blisters with fluid in them.
  • Babies often get the rash on their scalp and cheeks
  • Scaled, cracked, and flicked skin
  • Bleeding from the patches, it gets scratched.
  • Round coin-shaped spots on your skin
  • Swelling of the lower parts of the legs
  • Legs may ache or feel heavy

Symptoms may vary according to the type of eczema caused. You may feel some of the symptoms and some not.


For a diagnosis of eczema or any skin problem, you should go to a dermatologist. Then you have to tell your doctors about all the symptoms you are experiencing and those substances which you have contracted with, that can cause infection and eczema.

To know about the substance which can cause eczema to you, your doctor will do a patch test. In which, your doctor will apply a small amount of that substances on your skin which can cause irritation and you have contacted with, for about 20-30 minutes. Through this test, you and your doctor can determine the cause of eczema, so that you can avoid it.

Usually, a dermatologist can easily diagnose eczema by observing your symptoms only. But in case of any doubt, your doctor can ask some test to do, such as —

  • Biopsy test – a sample of your skin can send to elaborate for a biopsy test.
  • Allergy skin test (above-mentioned test)
  • Blood test – to diagnose any underlying cause, etc.

Although there are many treatments available, no treatment can give you 100% results. It means that eczema is not 100% curable, since it is a chronic problem. There can be some spots, redness, etc. Even after treatment.

Prevention Tips For Eczema:

  • Avoid contact with any such substance that can cause irritation to your skin.
  • Consult a psychiatrist if the cause of your eczema is stress or any other psychological problem.
  • Use a humidifier if dry sir makes your skin dry.
  • Avoid bathing with hot water, as it can increase or worst your rashes, dryness, etc.
  • Use chemicals-free make-up and shower products.
  • Always moisturize your skin after taking a bath. Keel your skin moisturized always.
  • Use such products which label “allergic free”, “fragrance-free”, and “sensitivity-free”.
  • Use products containing ceramide. Ceramide can help you to bring back the moisture and “glue” of your skin.
  • Take over-the-counter antihistamines for severe itching
  • Take your prescribed medications on time, but consuming them only till the time prescribed by your doctor. Overuse can result in side effects for sure.
  • Phototherapy
  • Avoid long and hot baths
  • Try to wear cotton fabric only
  • Use chemicals free and mild bathing accessories
  • Don’t rub or scratch your rash or the affected area
  • Avoid certain foods that can cause or increase your allergy.


Similar Articles



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here


Most Popular