Fight Your Thyroid With These Remedies And Tips!

Thyroid | Types | Causes | Symptoms | Risk Factors | Complications | Diagnosis | Treatment | Check Yourself | Remedies | Lifestyle Changes

What is a thyroid?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped small organ, located in the front of the neck. It is wrapped around the windpipe. Thyroid glands release hormones that help our body to perform several tasks.

What does the thyroid do?

Thyroid gland release and control several hormones, including the thyroid hormone which controls the metabolism of our body mainly, but it also aids in brain development, digestive function, muscle control and balancing mood. The thyroid controls metabolism with the help of some specific hormones, called thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine ( T3). These hormones are controlled by the thyroid gland, which tells our body how much energy to use.

When thyroid hormones levels are low or high, the pituitary gland releases thyroid-stimulating hormones ( TSH). As it is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus, it will also get affected if these two suffer any problem.

What is Thyroid disease?

A medical condition in which the thyroid glands are unable to release or control the T4 and T3 hormones levels and other functions, then this disease is known as thyroid disease.

Types of Thyroid glands:

Mainly, there are five types of thyroid disease. These types show different symptoms than each other. A person may have one or many types of thyroid at the same time. The prominent force types are as follows —

  1. Hypothyroidism: It occurs due to the low production of thyroid hormones. It can develop problems within the thyroid glands, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism –

  • Fatigue
  • Poor concentration
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Fluid retention
  • Feeling mentally foggy
  • Muscle and joint ache
  • Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding in women
  • Feeling cold
  • Slow movement
  • Muscle cramps
  • Sensitivity to cold temperatures
  • Memory difficulty
  • Thinning of hair

Causes of hypothyroidism:

    • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
    • Thyroid hormone resistance
    • Acute thyroiditis
    • Postpartum thyroiditis
    • Other types of thyroiditis ( inflammation of thyroid gland)
    • Exposure to the high amount of radioactive iodine
    • Congenital defects
    • Pregnancy
    • Iodine deficiency
    • None – functioning thyroid gland
  1. Hyperthyroidism: It occurs due to the presence of excess thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism is a less common condition in comparison to hypothyroidism. In a mild case, there may not be any noticeable symptoms, but in severe cases, it has symptoms like –
  • High heart rate
  • Fatigue
  • Nervousness
  • Tremor
  • Increased sweating
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Intolerance of heat
  • Poor concentration
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Insomnia ( difficulty in sleeping)
  • Sensitivity to hot temperatures
  • Anxiety
  • Thinning of hair

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

  • Toxic multinodular goitre
  • Grave’s disease
  • Thyroid nodules that overexpression thyroid hormones ( hot nodule)
  • Excessive iodine consumption
  • Pituitary gland dysfunction
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Iodine deficiency
  • A none – functioning thyroid glands
  1. Thyroid nodules: Nodules refers to lumps or abnormal masses within the thyroid. It can be of any size, single or double. It occurs due to benign cysts, benign tumours, or thyroid cancer ( in some cases). Nodules can be so large that they can cause compression of their nearby structures.
  2. Thyroid cancer: Women are more likely to develop thyroid cancer in comparison to men or youth. About 2/3 cases of thyroid cancer are aged under 55. Depending upon the cell type within the thyroid that has been cancerous, there are different kinds of cancers. If it gets diagnosed in its early stages, the patient may have high survival rates and prognosis. Some conditions are:
  • Anaplastic
  • Medullary
  • Follicular
  • Papillary
  1. Goitre: Structural abnormalities are also one of the side effects of thyroid disease. Simply, a goitre means enlargement of the thyroid gland, irrespective of causes. It may be linked with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and normal thyroid function, as it is not a specific disease.
  2. Tumours: This type of tumours can be cancerous or non – cancerous. It is a type of structural abnormalities.
  3. Subclinical hypothyroidism and subclinical hyperthyroidism.

Risk Factors of hypothyroidism:

  • Age and gender. ( Women have 60 % more chances to get thyroid than men)
  • Pre-existing conditions of Autoimmune disorders like diabetes, celiac disease etc.
  • Pituitary gland disorders
  • Pregnancy ( Currently pregnant or who had a baby within the past six years)

Risk factors of hyperthyroidism:

  • Gender ( women has a higher risk than men)
  • Family or personal history of autoimmune disorders
  • Past trauma to the thyroid gland
  • Smoking
  • Current use of iodine contract ( such as in CT scan)
  • Current or recent pregnancy

Complications :

  • Goitre
  • Heart diseases
  • Mental health issues
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Infertility
  • Myxoedema
  • Birth defects etc.

Diagnosis:

Thyroid diagnosis depends on the symptoms. Some test can be done to diagnose the condition, these are –

  • Blood test
  • Thyroid functions tests
  • Anti-thyroid antibodies
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioiodine scanning
  • Biopsy
  • FT3 test
  • FT4 test
  • Physical test
  • Imaging test
  • Beta-blockers

Treatment of Thyroid:

  • Medication
  • Surgery
  • Radioiodine

Remedies for hypothyroid disease:

  • Take a cup of freshly grated coconut, put it in a sieve, and press it to extract the coconut milk. Add the extracted coconut milk to a glass of milk and drink it. Consume this once a day.
  • In a bowl, take 1 tbsp. Of ginger powder, 1 tbsp. Of black pepper powder and long pepper powder each. Mix them well. Consume it with half a cup of lukewarm water, twice a day. You can store this mixture in a cool place for further use.

Remedies for Hyperthyroid diseases:

  • Take 2 cups of raw peeled papaya chunks, add 1 tbsp. Of lemon juice, ¼ tsp. Of turmeric powder and half an inch grated ginger. Now, add half a cup of water and blend all the ingredients well. Drink this, once every morning.
  • Take half tsp of Indian gooseberries paste, add half tsp. Of Triphala powder and 2 tsp. Of organic honey in it. Mix all the ingredients well. Consume this every day before breakfast.

Lifestyle changes and tips:

  • Make sure to have a good tight sleep
  • Exercising regularly
  • Keep a watch on your diet
  • Take medications on time
  • Don’t forget to check your thyroid level regularly
  • Quit smoking
  • Develop stress management
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